Botanic of Jordan


The Spanish Nut or Iris Moraea Sisyrinchium


(gynandriris sisyrinchium)

This plant is a dwarf iris native of South Europe and the Mediterranean regions. It is about 20 cm high. Its leaves are thin like grass. Flowers are blue or violet. The 3 vertical ...

The Black Iris


(iris nigricans)

The black iris is endemic and emblematic to Jordan. It is about 30 cm high. The flower is of very dark purple, almost black, and consists of 3 pointing up petals and 3 pointing down sepal. The 3 parts pistil looks like 3 additive petals. The elongated leaves start from the basis and are shorter than the stem. We find the black iris during a short ...

The Vartanii Iris


(iris vartanii)

This kind of small iris, rather rare, is native of Near East. We found it in rocky hills of the lateral wadis. On hard ground, it can keep very short and does not exceed 20 cm in richer soil. It has 4 thin leaves of light green color with a white edge. The flowers ...

The White Wormwood


(artemisia herba alba)

The Artemisia herba alba is an perennial and evergreen herbaceous shub very commonly in the Jordanian deserts and especially in the Eastern desert. (It is to be distinguished from the Artemisia alba that is different).It has a characteristic smell of thymol oil and a very bitter taste. It has woody and branched stems of about...

The Apple of Sodom


(calotropis procera)

As other plants in the Wadi Araba and the Jordan Valle, the Apple of Sodom is originated from Africa. It resists to drought, is evergreen and can bear salty grounds. It can reach 5m height. It has a ligneous stem and large leaves that can be 30 cm long, arranged in opposition along the stem. It has grouped hermaphrodite flowers with a white ...

The Sea Squill


(urginea maritime)

Bulb plant of the Hyacinths or of the Asparagus family, depending on the classification. It is also known as “Sea Onion” or “Red Squill”. The bulb is half buried and produces first, in winter and spring, dark green, wide and pointed leaves that shrivel later. The the flower grows up with a blooming at late summer and autumn. It can reach more...

The Bougainvillea


(bougainvillia)

This ornamental climbing bush was discovered in Brazil during an expedition leaded by the French explorer Louis-Antoine De Bougainville, from whom it takes its name. It is perfectly adapted to the Mediterranean climate. Due to its vitality and its perennial blooming, it is commonly called in Arabic the “Crazy” (“Majnouneh”). It exists...

The Cyclamen


(cyclamen persicum

The Latin name is incorrectly give to this plant which is not originated from Iran but from regions between the Western Turkey and Jordan. It blooms in February and early March in the verdant and wooden countryside of North-West Jordan. Its ...

The Mediterannean Saltbush


(atripex halimus)

Bush from African origin, of Aramrantheaceae family, also called also “Purslane of the seas” as it is very common on the Mediterranean littoral. It grows on salty grounds and reaches 1.5 to 2m of height. It is characterized by small round leaves, alternately positioned along the stems that raise directly from the ground. It expends ...

Other species will be uploaded soon...